From shunting railyard to nature reserve and park
Work begins to expand Tempelhof shunting railyard.
The water tower is constructed.
The railway yard is a frequent target of Allied bombing raids (with considerable destruction of technical equipment and buildings).
The Reichsbahn gradually ceases railway operations in Berlin‘s western sectors.
As part of an overall plan for (West) Berlin’s freight transport, the Berlin House of Representatives (Abgeordnetenhaus) approves planning for a freight and shunting yard here.
The Bürgerinitiative Schöneberger Südgelände (BI) citizens’ initiative is founded.
Documents for a first planning approvals process are opened for public inspection.
The results of an ecological expert report show that the Südgelände is one of Berlin‘s most valuable natural landscapes.
Public criticism of plans for a new southern railway yard grows. Beginning of munitions clearing and termination of munitions clearing due to protests by BI.
Members of the citizens’ initiative and scientists develop an initial plan for an allotment area and Natur-Park on an almost 200-hectare site.
14th Jan. 1987
The »Förderverein des Natur-Parks und eines Naturschutzzentrums auf dem Schöneberger Südgelände e.V.« is founded by the »Schöneberger Südgelände« citizens‘ initiative.
The landscape programme becomes legally binding, so the Natur-Park development and securing of the Südgelände as a landscape conservation area and some areas as nature conservation areas become planning objectives.
As part of new railway freight agreements between the West Berlin Senate and the GDR, use of the southern freight railyard (Südgüterbahnhof) is permanently discontinued.
Fall of the Berlin Wall and opening of the GDR’s borders.
A survey and evaluation of vegetation and fauna is carried out (by Ökocon, commissioned by the BUGA 1995 GmbH).
A planning permission decision is taken on the rail installations in the site’s central section. In compensation for the impact on nature due to railway works it is decided that 18 ha of the Südgelände will be withdrawn from railway use and developed as a nature reserve and park.
Work begins on construction measures to turn the site into a nature reserve and park based on a concept by Grün Berlin GmbH (formerly BUGA 1995 GmbH).
The Allianz Umweltstiftung and State of Berlin sign a support agreement. Support amount: 1.8 million Deutschmarks.
The protected area regulation (Schutzgebietsverordnung), establishing the park as a landscape conservation area and parts of it as a nature conservation area, comes into force.
27th of May 2000
The Natur-Park Schöneberger Südgelände, a »worldwide EXPO project«, is opened amid festivities by Senator Peter Strieder and the Manging Director of the Allianz Umweltstiftung, Dr. Lutz Spandau.