The Tempelhofer Feld was opened to the public on the 8th of May 2010 and it has since been used for a wide range of different recreational purposes. Investigations previously carried out into its biological features (Seebauer et al. 2006) showed that there are habitats and species protected by German environmental conservation law (S. 26a NatSchG Bln / S. 30 BNatSchG, FFH Lebensraumtypen, BNatSchG, Bundesartenschutzverordnung, FFH-RL, Vogel-RL) on large areas of the site.
As part of preparations to open Tempelhofer Feld on the 8th of May 2010, it was agreed that various measures would be carried out to preserve its natural environment after it was opened to the public. Five different sections offering different levels of access and usage have been defined and are divided into the following usage types:
- the “Action space” on the northern area of the former airfield,
- the “Grasslands area” marked out by bollards between the runways,
- a fenced-off area to the south-east (inaccessible),
- all other freely accessible green spaces within the runways,
- sites reserved for future planned construction at the edges beyond the runways.
The whole site is fenced and is accessible during the day only through a few main entrances and several side entrances with turnstiles. Access to the fenced area is prohibited at night. Dogs must be on a leash on the entire field, apart from in the three large, fenced dog exercise areas. Other areas are specifically designated for barbecuing and picnicking. A security service enforces the park regulations.
To identify the extent to which the zoning of the spaces and planned measures are proving effective in preserving the qualities listed above, a three-year expert nature conservation monitoring of the open space was initiated in 2010 and repeated in 2011, 2012 and 2015.
The monitoring documents the effects of the zones’ management and maintenance measures on the five different sites and on their biological features in the context of visitor use.